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Bharat Nirman : Scheme for Rural developement


Posted Date: 19-Jul-2010  Last Updated:   Category: Maharashtra Rural Development    
Author: Member Level: Gold    Points: 5


Bharat Nirman will be a time-bound business plan for action in rural infrastructure for the next four years. Under Bharat Nirman, action is proposed in the areas of irrigation, road, rural housing, rural water supply, rural electrification and rural telecommunication connectivity. We have set specific targets to be achieved under each of these goals so that there is accountability in the progress of this initiative." - Dr. Manmohan Singh Prime Minister



Bharat Nirman:

** Tasks**

• Every village to be provided electricity: remaining 1,25,000 villages to
be covered by 2009 as well as connect 2.3 crore households

• Every habitation over 1000 population and above (500 in hilly and tribal
areas) to be provided an all-weather road: remaining 66,802 habitations
to be covered by 2009

• Every habitation to have a safe source of drinking water: 55,067
uncovered habitations to be covered by 2009. In addition all habitations
which have slipped back from full coverage to partial coverage due to
failure of source and habitations which have water quality problems to
be addressed

• Every village to be connected by telephone: remaining 66,822 villages
to be covered by November 2007

• 10 million hectares (100 lakhs) of additional irrigation capacity to be
created by 2009

• 60 lakh houses to be constructed for the rural poor by 2009
While the agenda is not new, the effort here is to impart a sense of urgency
to these goals, make the programme time-bound, transparent and
accountable. These investments in rural infrastructure will unlock the
growth potential of rural India.

________________________________________________________________________________


I. ELECTRICITY

Goal: Every village to be provided electricity: remaining 1,25,000
villages to be covered by 2009

The Ministry of Power has the responsibility of providing electricity to the remaining 1,25,000 villages through the programme instrument of Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana. In addition it will also provide 23 million households with electricity. As per the Census of 2001, 1,25,000 villages remained uncovered.


• Components of Infrastructure
To be able to achieve this objective, Rural Electricity Distribution Backbone with at least a 33/11KV sub-station would be set up in each block, at least one Distribution Transformer in each habitation of every village or hamlet as Village Electrification Infrastructure, Stand-alone grid with generation
where grid supply is not feasible. These Stand-alone grids would be set up in partnership with theMinistry of Non-Conventional Energy also.


• Norms of village electrification
-A village will be deemed electrified if the following conditions are met.

- " basic infrastructure such as distribution transformer and distribution lines are provided in the inhabited locality as well as the dalit basti/hamlet where it exists. (For electrification through non-conventional energy sources a Distribution Transformer may not be necessary)

- electricity is provided to public places like schools, panchayat offices, health centres, dispensaries, community centres, etc. and
- number of households electrified should be at least 10% of the total number of households in the village".

* Management
Rural Electrification Corporation would be the agency for implementation.
The Management of Rural Distribution will be franchisees that could be Users Associations, individual entrepreneurs, Cooperatives, Non-Governmental Organizations, Panchayat Institutions


• Finances
90% capital subsidy will be provided for overall cost of the projects under the scheme. The capital subsidy for eligible projects under the scheme will be through the Rural Electrification Corporation Limited, which will be the nodal agency. Electrification of electrification-poverty-line households will be financed with 100% capital subsidy at Rs.1500 per
connection in all rural habitations. Others will be paying for the connections at prescribed connection charges and no subsidy will be made available.


* Prioritization
For creation of village electrification infrastructure, first priority will be given to un-electrified
villages. Preference for electrification will be given to Dalit Bastis, Tribal settlements and
habitations of weaker sections.

______________________________________________________________________________

II. ROADS

Goal: Every habitation over 1000 population and above (500 in hilly and tribal areas) to be provided an all-weather road: remaining 66,802
habitations to be covered by 2009

The Ministry of Rural Development has the responsibility of ensuring that every habitation over 1000 population and every habitation with more than 500 in hilly and tribal areas is connected with an all-weather road by 2009.


This is expected to generate multiplier effects in the rural economy of linking production to markets and services. This work which is being undertaken under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana since 2000, has been modified to address the above goals within the
stipulated time-frame.

___________________________________________________________________________


III. DRINKING WATER

Goal: Every habitation to have a safe source of drinking water: 55,067 uncovered habitations to be covered by 2009. In addition, all habitations which have slipped back from full coverage to partial coverage due to failure of source and habitations which have water quality problems to be addressed



_____________________________________________________________________________

IV. TELEPHONE

Goal: Every village to be connected by telephone: remaining 66,822 villages to be covered by November 2007

The Department of Telecom in the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology has the responsibility of providing telephone connectivity to the 66,822 villages that remain to be covered.

______________________________________________________________________________

V. IRRIGATION

Goal: 10 million hectares (100 lakhs) of additional irrigation capacity to be created by 2009


The Ministry of Water Resources in collaboration with State Governments is responsible for creation of additional 10 million hectares of irrigation capacity by the year 2009 through major, medium and minor irrigation projects complemented by ground water development.

______________________________________________________________________________

VI. HOUSING

Goal: 60 lakh houses to be constructed for the rural poor by 2009

The Ministry of Rural Development through the Indira Awaas Yojana undertakes this activity as aCentrally Sponsored Scheme where the cost is shared between the Centre and States on 75:25 basis.

• Task
The 2001 Census places the rural housing shortage figure in India at around 149 lakhs. Construction of 60 lakh houses over the next four years across the country is envisaged, starting from 2005-06 to address a significant portion of this backlog.


Reference: http://www.bharatnirman.gov.in/page2.html


Read related articles: Bharat Nirman Scheme Bharat Nirman Scheme    Bharat Swabhiman    

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Responses to "Bharat Nirman : Scheme for Rural developement"
Author: pramod    21 Jul 2010Member Level: Gold   Points : 1
I think these are targeted statical numbers.
But due to state politics this dose not seem to be
happen.
Only metropolitan cities are developing but
many villages are still far far away..isn't it



Author: Sunil Chavan    21 Jul 2010Member Level: Gold   Points : 2
HI ,
its not about politics only . its about us .. we are not taking interest in it. city peoples taking interest , they find info on such schemes . they get it implemented but in rural India , peoples are illiterate or not that much educated that they will go to administrative offices ask for schemes or get it from websites.


its our responsibility , we , youth ...need to take initiative .. i am planning for that also.. not only bharat nirnman there are thousands such schemes and self employment opportunities are there ..


:)

thanks
Sunil Chavan



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