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Maharastra Day - 50 years of Maharashtra Existance


Posted Date: 25-Apr-2010  Last Updated:   Category: About Maharashtra & Maharashtrians    
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Maharashtra completes 50 years of factual presence. This resource is a short article of the State of Bombay and the Maharashtra State formation.



1st May 2010 - 50 years of Maharashtra Existance


Maharashtra Day or Maharashtra Divas is celebrated since May 1st 1960 when the State of Bombay got separated into two states; the State of Gujarat and the State of Maharashtra on the Basis of Languages spoken in majority in two geographically separate areas – Gujarathi and Marathi.

During the British rule, the vast portions of the Western coast of India were under the direct ruling of the British which were known as parts of the British Presidency. During the pre-Independence times, in 1937, The British Presidency became a province of British India.

After Independence in 1947, many of the princely states of Gujarat, the Deccan were merged into Bombay Province (Known as the British Presidency before Independence) which together was known as the State of Bombay.

Later on 1st November 1956, The State of Bombay was significantly enlarged by expanding towards Gujarati speaking regions named as Saurashtra and Kutch, the east to integrate the Marathi Speaking regions of the Hyderabad state - known as the Marathwada and also the Marathi speaking region of the Southern Madhya Pradesh - also known as the Vidarbha.

Also with the expansion, the Kannada speaking portion of the southern part of the Bombay province was separated and became a part of the newly formed linguistic state known as Karnataka.
The State of Bombay was also known as the Maha Dwibhashi Rajya by local inhabitants.

The State of Bombay witness three Chief Ministers after Independence who were Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Morarji Desai, and Yashwantrao Chavan.

While the state was a home to both the Marathi and the Gujarati linguistic movements, as the movements turned violent the State of Bombay was separated into Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti - संयुक्त महाराष्ट्र समिति - United Maharashtra Committee was the organization which was founded on February 6, 1956, under the headship of Keshavrao Jedhe in Pune. The Prominent activists of the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti were Acharya Atre, Prabodhankar Thackeray, Senapati Bapat and Shahir Amar Shaikh and many others.

On May 1st 1960, the State of Maharashtra attained the levels of Statehood.
Area wise Maharashtra is the larger of the divisions and thus is the population large and Mumbai remains the booming capital of Maharashtra and also the Financial capital of India.

After independence, the State of Bombay which comprised of the current states of Gujarat and Maharashtra, continued to exist but on account of bi-lingual areas, and growing work because of the development and progress, state of Bombay had to be separated into the state of Gujarat and Maharashtra.

The then Bombay became the capital of Maharashtra under the Bombay Re-organization Act. In the 90's the Shiv Sena Government renamed Bombay to Mumbai which comes from the local Mumba-Devi of the Koli samaj of Mumbai.

Local Celebrations of Maharashtra Day for its 50 years of existence will be celebrated at Shivaji Park in Central Mumbai and where, the Governer of Maharashtra takes the salute at the ceremonial parade along with which also comprises of members of the state reserve police force, the Brihan Mumbai Commando Force and the home guards and the Civil Defense, the Fire Brigade and the Mumbai Police.
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Read related articles: Maharashtra Day    Maharashtra Government Day    

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