Kanheri Caves


Kanheri Caves are located inside the forests of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park of Maharashtra. These caves are on the western outskirts of Mumbia city, to the north of Borivali. These caves are nearly 109 in number and were found during 1st Century BC to 9th century AD. These caves form one of the tourism attractions of Mumbai city.

Kanheri Caves were founded during 1st century BC to 9th century AD. Kanheri caves are located inside the forests of Sanjay Gandhi National park of Maharashtra. We can say that these caves lie on the western outskirts of Mumbai city, about 10 km. north of Borivali.

About Kanheri Caves Mumbai City:


Kanhera caves are located about 10 Km. north of Borivali and in the western outskirts of Mumbai city. Kanhera caves are 109 in number. The name "Kanheri" is derived from the word "Krishnagiri" which means black color. The reason for this name for these caves is because these caves were carved with gigantic basaltic rock. Kanheri Caves are signs of Buddhist influence on art and culture in India.

We can find a stone plinth in each of these caves. We can also see a stupa inside the congregation hall, which has huge stone pillars. We can see the remains of ancient water system, canals and cisterns that collected the rain water into huge tanks.

Most of the Kanhera caves are viharas for bhddhists meant for living, study and meditation. The bigger caves were the halls for congregational worship, are lined with intricately carved Buddhist sculptures, reliefs and pillars, and contain rock-cut stupas for congregational worship.

At the top of these caves we can see the sculptures of Goddess Tara and Goddess Bhrukti. We can also see a central structure of Avalokiteswara which has five symbols both right and left hands. This is the most unique of its kind in Kanhera caves.

Nearly 100 inscriptions were found at Kanhera caves in Brahmi, Devanagari and Pahlavi scripts.

Kanheri caves photos
Kanheri caves picture gallery
How to reach Kanhera Caves
Kanheri caves are located deep inside the Sanjay Gandhi National Park which is in Borivali East. Once we get into the park, we need to pay a certain entry fee at the gate (Once at entry of sanjay gandhi national park and another at the entrance of kanheri caves). The caves are quite a distance away from the entrance, about 5 kilometres (3 mi). Travel Transport by bus to the caves is available every hour. We can also hire a taxi.


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