Nashik or Nasik is located in the north west part of Maharashtra state. Nashik is situated at a height of 565 meters above the sea level on the banks of River Godavari. Nashik is one of the important Hindu Pilgrimage center with rich culture and tradition.
Nashik is situated on the north west part of Maharashtra state. Nashik city is at a distance of 185 Kms. from Mumbai and 200 Kms. from Pune city. Nasik is popularly known as the 'wine capital of India' or the 'grape city' due to large number grape plants here.
About Nashik City
Nashik is one of the four most holiest places in India, where the drops of nectar fell when the demigods and demons fought over this place. Nasik is one of the holy pilgrimage center for Hindus with rich culture and tradition. Nashik city is located on the banks of holy river Godavari at a height of 565 m. above the sea level. The world famous show, greatest of all the shows in India, called as 'Maha Kumbmela' also takes place at Nashik city. This event takes place every 12 years and the tourists from all over the world visit Nasik during this event.
We can see a number of beautiful ghats situated on the banks of sacred Godavari river. Lot of temples are also seen on the banks of the river Godavari. This is the reason Nasik has become one of the holiest places for the Hindus all over the world. Major part of the city is located on the right (south) bank of the river. The holy city of Nashik becomes very much crowded during the festival season. Nashik is the second largest city after Mumbai in Maharashtra state. Nashik city is surrounded by 9 hills - Durga, Ganesh, chitraghanta, Pandav, Dinger Ali Mhasarul, Jogwanda, Pathanpura, and Konkani.
One of the greatest heroes of Indian Epic, Lord Rama with wife Sita and his brother Lakshman stayed here for a while during their 14 year exile period. Nashik is the place from where Ravana abducted Sita and took her to his palace on the island of Lanka, which is presently Sri Lanka. Nashik is the place where Lakshman cut off the nak(nose) of Ravana's sister Surpanakha, so the name of 'Nashik' has come to this place. The large number of ghats and temples on the banks of River Godavari has made Nashik as one of the holiest place for Hindus.
History of Nashik
Nasik was once the capital city of the Satavahana dynasty. Nashik was an important trading center during that time. The name of Nashik was "Gulshanabad" during the Mughal period. When Peshwas took over in the year 1751, the name "Nashik" was once again given to the city. But the Peshwas lost Nashik to the British in year 1818. The Nashik Municipality was formed in the year 1864. Nashik was made as a full-fledged district in the year 1969 with the present 13 talukas ( regions).
Nashik is a very lively city in industry arena as well. Nashik has become a great attraction due to its clean and green surroundings and the pleasant climate.
Major attractions in Nashik
Nashik is a holy city of the Hindus where we can find very large number of temples and ghats. A number of visitors and tourists are attracted to Nashik due to the fairs and festivals celebrated here.
The Kumbh Mela is the largest religious gathering all over the world, and is promoted by Maharashtra Government. A number of devotees visit Nashik during Kumbh Mela. Kumbh Mela is a major attraction of Nashik city. The Kumbh Mela event occurs four times in every 12 years, once at each of the four holy sites in India. Nashik is one of those four holy places in India. The other holy places are Allahabad, Ujjain and Haridwar. The Kumbh Mela at Allahabad is considered as the holiest of them. A number of Hindu holy men gather here during Kumbh Mela. During the Kumbh Mela, millions of devotees take a dip in the sacred river Godavari. It is believed that this dip in the holy river during Kumbh Mela clean their souls leading to salvation.
Panchavati is located in the northern side of Nashik. Lord Sri Ram and Sita along with Lakshman stayed here for some time. The name of Panchvati is derived due to the five (panch) banyan trees located here.
The exact meaning of Gumpha is a cave. The Sita gumpha is situated near the five banyan trees in Panchavati. Sita gumpha is one of the major attractions at Nashik city. We can see a narrow stair case to enter into the cave. There is a belief that Ravan kidnapped Sita at this place.
It is here Lakshmana cut off the nose of Ravana's sister Surpanakha. This was once a part of the sacred Dandakaranya forest. It is quite close to the Sita Gumpha.
Dudhsagar Water falls are located at a distance of 8 Kms. from Nashik city. These water falls are located to the west of Nashik near Someshwar temple, is a very popular picnic spot among the residents of Nashik. The best time to visit these water falls is just after the monsoon season as there is ample water in the falls.
There are many more places of attraction in Nashik which are worth visiting by the tourists like Sundar Narayan Temple, Modakeshwar Ganesh Temple, Ramkund and Kalaram Temple.
How to reach Nashik
The nearest commercial Air Port to reach Nashik is Mumbai which is 182 Kms. away from Nashik. It takes around 5 hours by road to reach Nashik from Mumbai.
Nashik is one of the major railway stations on the Central Railway and we can see there are a number of train that connect other cities to Nashik. The fastest train to Mumbai from Nashik is the Panchavati Express which reaches in 4 and 1/2 hours. The Nashik Railway is 8 Kms. North east from the main center of Nashik.
Nashik city is well connected to all major cities and towns in Maharashtra state by Road. The distance of Nashik from Mumbai is 182 Kms. and from Pune it is 202 Kms. There are State Transport buses from other states like Karnataka and Gujarat at a good frequency. Many private operators also operate Volvo buses from Mumbai and Pune cities to Nashik.
Cheap Hotels and Accommodation available at Nashik
Very nice and cheap hotel accommodation is available at Nashik from five star hotels to the budget hotels and resorts. The best time to visit Nashik is between October and March.
Climate at Nashik
Nashik city has a mild climate for most of the year. Hot summers last between Mid March to Mid June. The Monsoon season is between June to September during which we can see a rain fall of about 610 mm. The winter is dry and is between November to February with warm days and cool nights.